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Yarn Specifications and Gauges

If you are new to Alpaca yarns I would recommend following one of our patterns that has been designed for this type of wool. However if you are an experienced knitter I would recommend that you complete a test section and check your tension before embarking on your project.

I have a range of wooden knitting needles available in single sets or used in the kits on this site, as I believe these give a better finish with natural fibres. However if you are used to steel needles and prefer them, there is no reason why you should not use them - after checking the tension.

I try to give a recommended tension for each yarn and sugest that you do complete a swatch before embarking on a project. However this can be subjective as everyone knits in a slightly different way and so this is for your extra guidance.

Yarn type Approximate yardage per 50g Suggested needle size Tension ( assuming stocking stitch on a 10cm/4"sguare Approximate WPI
2ply 222metres (240 yards) 2.25mm, US1, UK13 34 sts, 42 rows 20 woollen, 24 worsted
4ply 175 metres ( 190 yards) 3.00mm, US 3. UK 11 28sts, 34 rows 14 woollen, 18 worsted
Double Knitting 110metres ( 119 yards) 4.00mm, US6, UK 8 20sts, 28 rows 11 woollen, 15 worsted
Aran 70 metres (76 yards) 5.00mm, US8 UK 6 18 sts, 22 row 9 woollen, 11 worsted
Chunky 55 metes (60 yards) 6.00mm, US10, UK 4 14sts, 18 rows 8 woollen, 12 worsted


UK US
4ply Sport
DK (Double knitting) Light worsted
Aran Fisherman / worsted
Chunky Bulky
Super Chunky Extra Bulky

St/Sts Stitch/Stitches
RS Right Side — as in the side that faces outward when you're done
WS Wrong Side — the inside of the garment
MC Main Color — will be designated in the pattern, or you will choose one yourself
CC Contrasting Color
Cont Continue
[As] Foll [As] Follows, or Following. Often used with Cont., as in “Cont. as foll:"
Rnd(s) Round(s) — one row of round knitting
Rem Remain/Remaining. As in “26 sts rem." Helps keep you on track.
Rep Repeat.
Break Yarn Cut yarn. I don't know why they call it breaking, although it is a good reminder that it is an option when you don't have any scissors. Always leave a six-inch tail for weaving in. If you're not sure how long six inches is (you'd be surprised at how many people aren't), just measure a few times. Then you can tease your boyfriend that six inches isn't nearly as long as he claims.
Turn Turn your work around so that the other side is facing you. Sometimes, you will be instructed to turn your work even when you are not at the end of a row. That's okay — it's all part of the plan.
In Pattern According to the same pattern you've just been doing.
Work Even Continue in the same stitch pattern without adding or subtracting any stitches (usually means just knit).
( ) Refers to whatever is in the parenthesis as a discrete group. As in “(K1, P2) 5 times."
Rep From * Repeat from *, a way of explaining what part of the pattern to go back to. As in “K5, *(P2, K5), rep from * to end."
Across To the end of the row/round.
To End To the end of the row/round.